I found a bug.

ProtocolFilters supports generating debug logs.
To  generate  the  log replace ProtocolFilters.dll with a version from Release_c_api_logs or Release_logs (depending on C or C++ API is used) and reproduce the problem. 
C# and Delphi wrappers use ProtocolFilters with C API.
The  debug  log  will  be  written to ProtocolFiltersLog.txt in the same folder with executable. Send it with a description of the issue to support@netfiltersdk.com.
The debug build starts writing log automatically. It is possible to start and stop writing the logs using API functions pf_startLog/pf_stopLog, for example to save several log files and control their size.